Using the Android NDK with Android Studio- Part 1
Integrating an Android NDK library into an Android Studio application is under-documented and can lead to difficulty with complex build rules or JNI integration. One of our lead developers begins a series laying out one approach to adding an NDK module to an Android Studio application utilizing statically compiled libraries, custom data transfer objects and asynchronous processes.
As Android development has started to move towards a focus on Android Studio and Gradle, I have run into several occasions where I needed to ‘re-learn’ how to perform a specific development task in this new environment. Recently, I had a client who needed a decent portion of their work handled asynchronously with pre-built native libraries in a separate Android module. Android Studio’s NDK support is still coming into its own and there is fairly decent support at this point starting with 0.8.6 but there are QUITE a few ‘gotchas’ that I encountered... In this series of articles I hope to compile the information and results that I arrived at and help you get rolling on your native project.
I will assume that you are familiar with the Android Studio and Gradle development model and already have a project that you want to add the new native module to. If you are still working on making the switch from Eclipse, check out Jay’s article at http://old.sdgsystems.com/blog/migrating-eclipse-andro... for a terrific migration guide. Also, this guide is written with an eye towards development on Linux or Mac OSX, so you’ll have to fix up the paths if you’re developing on Windows.
Using Gradle with built-in NDK support
To start with, create a new module with
You’ll have the opportunity to name the application and module, but I recommend using the same name as your package name. In a fit of creativity, I’ll call this module ‘NdkModule’. In this example, I have not created an activity but you certainly CAN if you want to have a GUI portion of the module.
Next, add your source files to src/main/jni. If you are starting from scratch, you can add a basic main.c and main.h that looks like this:
Add your Java files to src/main/java. I will detail out a more complicated example later in this article, but this is the bare minimum:
Android Studio will automatically add the new module to your settings.gradle but it’s good to know where it gets defined in case you need to remove it during your development process:
Any project that needs to refer to your new module will need to add a dependency in its own build.gradle:
Gradle needs a pointer to your NDK installation. You’ll notice that it already has a pointer to the sdk location in local.properties. If you don’t have the NDK yet, you can download it from https://developer.android.com/tools/sdk/ndk/. The path here should be the location of the ndk-build executable.
Android Studio automatically creates a build.gradle for your new library but there are a couple of pieces that you’ll need to add:
Thanks for reading! In part 2 of this series, I will discuss using an Android.mk NDK compilation process using pre-built native libraries.
Ben Friedberg, Lead Software Engineer